Nissan Leaf BMS

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Here we collect information about Nissans BMS.

Connectors

Credit goes to Wolftronix for figuring this out.

You will also find it on the diyelectriccar forum, you will need to sign up for downloading

P4 24 pin P3 32 pin P6 16 Pin P5 40 Pin
Pin Cell Cell Pin Pin Cell Cell Pin Pin Cell Cell Pin Pin Cell Cell Pin
1 1 13 1 21 17 1 9 1 61 60 21
2 3 2 14 2 23 22 18 2 49 48 10 2 63 62 22
3 5 4 15 3 25 24 19 3 51 50 11 3 65 23
4 7 6 16 4 27 26 20 4 53 52 12 4 67 64 24
5 9 8 17 5 29 28 21 5 55 54 13 5 69 66 25
6 11 10 18 6 31 30 22 6 57 14 6 71 68 26
7 13 12 19 7 33 32 23 7 59 56 15 7 73 70 27
8 15 14 20 8 34 24 8 58 16 8 75 72 28
9 16 21 9 35 36 25 9 77 74 29
10 22 10 37 38 26 10 79 76 30
11 17 18 23 11 39 40 27 11 78 31
12 19 20 24 12 41 42 28 12 81 80 32
13 43 44 29 13 83 82 33
14 45 46 30 14 85 84 34
15 47 48 31 15 87 86 35
16 49 32 16 89 88 36
17 91 90 37
18 93 92 38
19 95 94 39
20 97 40

Connector part numbers

In case you need to adapt or extend the sense wires, you will need the male and female connectors and the respective pins. Here are the part numbers:

Part Number Notes
16-pole male 1473796-1
16-pole female 1318386-1
24-pole male 1376103-1
24-pole female 1318917-1
32-pole male 1473799-1
32-pole female 1318747-1
40-pole male 1376113-2 Solder part, crimp not available
40-pole female 1318389-1
Pin male 1376109-1
Pin female 1123343-1

CAN Messages

Upon powerup the unit spits out messages that contain various useful info. After a while these messages stop and you have to send 50B#00 00 00 C0 00 00 00 to get it going again.

All messages are big endian, i.e. hi-byte, lo-byte!

To get the individual cell voltages, first issue 79B#02 21 02 FF FF FF FF FF. You will receive the first reply looking like this: 7BB#10 C6 61 02 0E C9 0E C0.

Now send 27 times 79B#30 01 00 FF FF FF FF FF and you get 7BB#21 0E C0 0E C2 0E C0 0E. It is one index byte and 7 data bytes. So after 28 messages you will have collected 98 words (16-bit) of data. Every other message it stretches over to the next message. The first the last two words are unknown so we discard them. That leaves us with 96 Words that represent the cell voltages in mV in big endian format.

https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1EHa4R85BttuY4JZ-EnssH4YZddpsDVu6rUFm0P7ouwg/edit#gid=7

Different Versions

Version 2 BMS with grey LV and black HV connector

Their seem to be at least two different versions of the LBC out there, as discovered here: https://openinverter.org/forum/viewtopic.php?f=13&t=370&start=10

The earlier version has only white input headers while the later version has ONE black HV header and a grey low voltage header. We call the first version the "white" BMS and the later version the "grey" BMS.

Treated as a black box the main differences are:

  • Interlock is between Pin 8 and Pin 21 on white BMS as opposed to Pin 8 and Pin 6 on grey BMS
  • Ignition input is on pin 6 on white as opposed to pin 7 on grey
  • White BMS expects 4 temperature sensors, grey BMS only 3
  • Supposedly the current sensors GND is on Pin 7 but I found Pin 7 internally unconnected and left GND on Pin 15

So if you have a "grey" wiring loom but a white LBC you need to move Pin 6 over to Pin 21 and Pin 7 to Pin 6.

To mitigate the missing temperature sensor you need to bridge the two input internally behind the input stage. Therefor remove R59. Then Find R62 and bridge it over to the adjacent channel 4. If you want you can use the resistor you just removed.

CAN connector pins

Pins for CAN-H and CAN-L and others as identified by wolftronix in the diagram below. Pins are for LB11 and LB12 connectors in Nissan terminology.

LB11 LB12 mappings

40kWh BMS

The pinout for +12V, CAN-H, CAN-L, Ignition and HV is identical o previous versions.

It uses a daisy chain of MAX17823B for sensing cell voltages.

40kwh Nissan Leaf BMS.jpg